Fighter Aircraft

It’s really interesting to talk about fighter. Yup, pesawat fighter itu memang menarik. Semua teknologi tercanggih di dunia, biasanya dipergunakan terlebih dahulu pada pesawat2 ini. Tidak peduli berapa besar biayanya, yang penting Mission accomplished.
Untuk kali ini, gw lagi pengen ngebicarain pesawat2 fighter yang dikembangkan dan dibuat pertama kali untuk USAF atau angkatan udara-nya US. Gw cuma milih 5 pesawat aja, ntar kapan2 dilanjutin lagi. Ini juga disusun berdasarkan abjad, so it’s started with si swing-wing tomcat

1. F14 (Tomcat)

3 view F14 Tomcat
F14 Tomcat merupakan pesawat supersonik, 2 engine, dengan 2 tempat duduk yang diproduksi oleh Northrop Grumman, dan menggunakan teknologi swing-wing untuk menyesuaikan gaya angkat dengan kecepatannya. Spesifikasinya yaitu:
Karakteristik Umum:
* Kru: 2 (Pilot and Radar Intercept Officer)
* Panjang: 62 ft 9 in (19.1 m)
* Wingspan:
o Spread: 64 ft (19.5 m)
o Swept: 38 ft (11.58 m)
* Height: 16 ft (4.88 m)
* Luas sayap: 565 ft² (54.5 m²)
* Airfoil: NACA 64A209.65 mod root, 64A208.91 mod tip
* Berat Kosong: 43,735 lb (19,838 kg)
* Loaded weight: 61,000 lb (27,700 kg)
* Max takeoff weight: 74,350 lb (33,720 kg)
* Powerplant: 2× General Electric F110-GE-400 afterburning turbofans
o Dry thrust: 13,810 lbf (61.4 kN) each
o Thrust with afterburner: 27,800 lbf (124.7 kN) each

Performance
* Maximum speed: Mach 2.34 (1,544 mph, 2,485 km/h) at high altitude
* Combat radius: 500 nmi (575 mi, 926 km)
* Ferry range: 1,600 nmi (1,840 mi, 2,960 km)
* Rate of climb: >45,000 ft/min (229 m/s)
* Wing loading: 113.4 lb/ft² (553.9 kg/m²)
* Thrust/weight: 0.91

Armament
13,000 lb (5,900 kg) of ordnance including:
* Guns: 1× M61 Vulcan 20 mm Gatling Gun
* Missiles: AIM-54 Phoenix, AIM-7 Sparrow, AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air
* Loading configurations:
o 2× AIM-9 + 6× AIM-54
o 2× AIM-9 + 2× AIM-54 + 3× AIM-7 (Most common loadout)
o 2× AIM-9 + 4× AIM-54 + 2× AIM-7
o 2× AIM-9 + 6× AIM-7
o 4× AIM-9 + 4× AIM-54
o 4× AIM-9 + 4× AIM-7
* Bombs: GBU-10, GBU-12, GBU-16, GBU-24, GBU-24E Paveway I/II/III LGB, GBU-31, GBU-38 JDAM, Mk-20 Rockeye II, Mk-82, Mk-83 and Mk-84 series iron bombs

Avionics
* Hughes AN/APG-71 radar
* AN/ASN-130 INS, IRST, TCS

2. F15 (Eagle)


Diproduksi oleh McDonnell Douglas yang sekarang berubah menjadi Boeing. Merupakan tactical fighter yang dapat dipergunakan di segala cuaca dan di desain untuk memperoleh air superiority dalam pertempuran udara. Dikembangkan untuk Angkatan Udara US dan terbang pertama kali pada bulan July 1972. Angkatan Udara US berencana akan terus menggunakan F15E Strike Eagle sampai tahun 2025.

Karakteristik Umum:
* Kru: 1
* Panjang:63 ft 9 in (19.43 m)
* Wingspan: 42 ft 10 in (13.05 m)
* Height: 18 ft 6 in (5.63 m)
* Luas Sayap: 608 ft² (56.5 m²)
* Airfoil: NACA 64A006.6 root, NACA 64A203 tip
* Berat Kosong: 28,000 lb (12,700 kg)
* Loaded weight: 44,500 lb (20,200 kg)
* Max takeoff weight: 68,000 lb (30,845 kg)
* Powerplant: 2× Pratt & Whitney F100-100,-220 or -229 afterburning turbofans
o Dry thrust: 17,450 lbf (77.62 kN) each
o Thrust with afterburner: 25,000 lbf for -220; 29,000 lbf for -229 (111.2 kN for -220; 129.0 kN for -229) each

Performance
# Maximum Speed:
* High altitude: Mach 2.5+ (1,650 mph, 2,660 km/h)
* Low altitude: Mach 1.2 (900 mph, 1,450 km/h)
# Combat radius: 1,061 nmi (1,222 mi, 1,967 km) for interdiction mission
# Ferry range: 3,450 mi (3,000 nmi, 5,550 km) with external conformal fuel tanks
# Service ceiling 65,000 ft (20,000 m)
# Rate of climb: >50,000 ft/min (254 m/s)
# Wing loading: 73.1 lb/ft² (358 kg/m²)
# Thrust/weight: 1.12 (-220), 1.30 (-229)

Armament
* Guns: 1× internally mounted 20 mm (0.787 in) M61A1 gatling gun, 940 rounds
* Hardpoints: four wing, four fuselage, two wing stations, centerline station, optional fuselage pylons with a capacity of 16,000 lb (7,300 kg),
* Missiles:
o AIM-7F Sparrow
o AIM-120 AMRAAM
o AIM-9 Sidewinders

Avionics
*  Radar:
o Raytheon AN/APG-63 or AN/APG-70 or
+ Although several F-15C aircraft were produced with APG-70 radar, all have been retrofitted to the AN/APG-63(V)1 configuration
o Raytheon AN/APG-63(V)1 or
o Raytheon AN/APG-63(V)2 Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) or
o Raytheon AN/APG-63(V)3 Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA)
+ Both active AF and ANG F-15Cs will receive another (up to) 48 V3 units between 2009-2015, over the existing 19 aircraft.[67]

* Countermeasures:
o AN/APX-76 or AN/APX-119 Identify Friend/Foe (IFF) interrogator
o Magnavox AN/ALQ-128 Electronic Warfare Warning Set (EWWS) -part of Tactical Electronic Warfare Systems (TEWS)
o Loral AN/ALR-56 Radar Warning Receiver (RWR)-part of Tactical Electronic Warfare Systems (TEWS)
o Northrop ALQ-135 Internal Countermeasures System (ICS) – part of Tactical Electronic Warfare Systems (TEWS)
o AN/ALE-45 chaff/flare dispensers

* Others:
o Joint Helmet Mounted Cueing System[67]
o MXU-648 Cargo/Travel Pod – to carry personal belongings, and small pieces of maintenance equipment.

3. F16 (Fighting Falcon)

3 view F16

3 view F16

Ada yang bilang, dosen gw ikutan dalam perancangan pesawat ini, gosip2nya sih… tau dah bener atau ga.
Pesawat ini diproduksi oleh Lockheed Martin dan terbang pertama kali pada tanggal 2 February 1974, tetapi pertama kali diperkenalkan ke publik penerbangan pada tanggal 17 Agustus 1978. Sampai saat ini masih digunakan oleh beberapa negara, termasuk Angkatan Udara US sendiri. Pesawat ini merupakan lightweight fighter dan lumayan laris juga (kayaknya saingan deh kelarisannya sama F14). Selain itu, juga sudah menggunakan teknologi fly-by-wire dan sudah ergonomis juga.
Berikut spesifikasinya:

Karakteristik Umum:
* Kru: 1
* Panjang: 49 ft 5 in (14.8 m)
* Wingspan: 32 ft 8 in (9.8 m)
* Height: 16 ft (4.8 m)
* Luas sayap: 300 ft² (27.87 m²)
* Airfoil: NACA 64A204 root and tip
* Empty weight: 18,200 lb (8,270 kg)
* Loaded weight: 26,500 lb (12,000 kg)
* Max takeoff weight: 42,300 lb (19,200 kg)
* Powerplant: 1× Pratt & Whitney F100-PW-220 afterburning turbofan
o Dry thrust: 14,590 lbf (64.9 kN)
o Thrust with afterburner: 23,770 lbf (105.7 kN)
* Alternate powerplant: 1× General Electric F110-GE-100 afterburning turbofan
o Dry thrust: 17,155 lbf (76.3 kN)
o Thrust with afterburner: 28,600 lbf (128.9 kN)

Performance:
*  Maximum speed:
o At sea level: Mach 1.2 (915 mph, 1,460 km/h)
o At altitude: Mach 2+ (1,500 mph, 2,414 km/h)
* Combat radius: 340 NM (295 mi, 550 km) on a hi-lo-hi mission with six 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs
* Ferry range: >2,100 NM (2,420 NM, 3,900 km)
* Service ceiling >50,000 ft (15,239 m)
* Rate of climb: 50,000 ft/min (254 m/s)
* Wing loading: 88.2 lb/ft² (431 kg/m²)
* Thrust/weight: For F100 engine: 0.898, For F110: 1.095

Armament (persenjataan):
* Guns: 1× 20 mm (0.787 in) M61 Vulcan gatling gun, 511 rounds
* Rockets: 2¾ in (70 mm) CRV7
* Missiles:
o Air-to-air missiles:
+ 2× AIM-7 Sparrow or
+ 6× AIM-9 Sidewinder or
+ 6× IRIS-T or
+ 6× AIM-120 AMRAAM or
+ 6× Python-4
o Air-to-ground missiles:
+ 6× AGM-45 Shrike or
+ 6× AGM-65 Maverick or
+ 4× AGM-88 HARM
o Anti-ship missiles:
+ 2× AGM-84 Harpoon or
+ 4× AGM-119 Penguin
* Bombs:
o 2× CBU-87 Combined Effects Munition
o 2× CBU-89 Gator mine
o 2× CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon
o Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser capable
o 4× GBU-10 Paveway II
o 6× GBU-12 Paveway II
o 6× Paveway-series laser-guided bombs
o 4× JDAM
o 4× Mark 84 general-purpose bombs
o 8× Mark 83 GP bombs
o 12× Mark 82 GP bombs
o B61 nuclear bomb

4. F18 (Hornet)

Hornet

Hornet

Dikembangkan oleh McDonnell Douglas dan didesain untuk penyerangan udara dan darat. Pertama kali diterbangkan pada tanggal 18 November 1978 dan diperkenalkan ke publik pada tanggal 7 January 1983. Berikut adalah spesifikasinya:
Karakteristik Umum:
*  Crew: F/A-18C: 1, F/A-18D: 2 (pilot and weapons system officer)
* Length: 56 ft (17.1 m)
* Wingspan: 40 ft (12.3 m)
* Height: 15 ft 4 in (4.7 m)
* Wing area: 400 ft² (38 m²)
* Airfoil: NACA 65A005 mod root, 65A003.5 mod tip
* Empty weight: 24,700 lb (11,200 kg)
* Loaded weight: 37,150 lb (16,850 kg)
* Max takeoff weight: 51,550 lb (23,400 kg)
* Powerplant: 2× General Electric F404-GE-402 turbofans
o Dry thrust: 11,000 lbf (48.9 kN) each
o Thrust with afterburner: 17,750 lbf (79.2 kN) each

Performance:
*  Maximum speed: Mach 1.8 (1,190 mph, 1,915 km/h) at 40,000 ft (12,190 m)
* Combat radius: 330 mi (290 NM, 537 km) on hi-lo-lo-hi mission
* Ferry range: 2,070 mi (1,800 NM, 3,330 km)
* Service ceiling 50,000 ft (15,000 m)
* Rate of climb: 50,000 ft/min (254 m/s)
* Wing loading: 93 lb/ft² (450 kg/m²)
* Thrust/weight: >0.95

Armament (Persenjataan):
* Guns: 1x 20 mm M61 Vulcan internal gatling gun with 578 rounds
* Hardpoints: 9: 2 wingtip, 4 underwing, and 3 fuselage, carrying up to 13,700 lb (6,215 kg) of missiles, rockets, bombs, fuel tanks, and pods
o Missiles:
+ Air-to-air: AIM-9 Sidewinder, AIM-132 ASRAAM, AIM-120 AMRAAM, AIM-7 Sparrow, IRIS-T
+ Air-to-ground: AGM-45 Shrike, AGM-65 Maverick, AGM-88 HARM, SLAM-ER, JSOW, Taurus missile
+ Anti-ship: AGM-84 Harpoon
o Bombs: CBU-87 cluster, CBU-89 gator mine, CBU-97 CEM, Paveway, JDAM, Mk 80 series, nuclear bombs,[38] Mk 20 Rockeye II cluster, mines

Avionics:
* APG-73 radar
* LITENING targeting pod (USMC only)

5. F20 (Tigershark)
Dikembangkan dan diproduksi oleh Northrop . Pengembangannya dimulai pada tahun 1975 dan mulai terbang pertama kali nya pada tanggal 30 Agustus 1982. Pesawat ini tidak pernah dijual secara internasional berdasarkan oleh keputusan Departemen Pertahanan US (DoD) dan program pengembangannya dihentikan pada tahun 1985 setelah tiga prototip-nya selesai dibuat dan sedang dalam pembuatan prototip keempat. Berikut spesifikasinya:
Karakteristik Umum:
* Kru: 1 pilot
* Length: 46 ft 6 in (14.2 m)
* Wingspan: 26 ft 8 in (8.1 m)
* Height: 13 ft 10 in (4.2 m)
* Wing area: 186 ft² (17 m²)
* Empty weight: 11,220 lb (5,090 kg)
* Loaded weight: 15,060 lb (6,830 kg)
* Max takeoff weight: 26,290 lb (11,920 kg)
* Powerplant: 1× General Electric F404-GE-100 turbofan, 17,000 lbf (76 kN)

Performance
* Maximum speed: Mach 2.1
* Combat radius: 300 nmi (345 mi, 555 km)
* Ferry range: 1,490 nmi (1,715 mi, 2,760 km)
* Service ceiling 55,000 ft (16,800 m)
* Rate of climb: 50,030 ft/min (255 m/s)
* Wing loading: 81.0 lb/ft² (395 kg/m²)
* Thrust/weight: 1.13

Armament (Persenjataan):
* Guns: 2× 20 mm (0.787 in) M39 cannon
* Hardpoints: 5 with a capacity of 8,000 lb (3,600 kg),
* Missiles: 2× AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles

Ok, these are for a while… Ntar dilanjutin lagi. Maaf kalo ga lengkap. Kalo ada info terbaru atau yang lebih bener, Please inform me.

Thanks to:

1. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/cf/F-14_Tomcat_VF-31_2006.jpg
2. richard.ferriere.free.fr
3. http://wikipedia.org/
4. http://www.wordpress.com/
5. http://www.cas.sc.edu/AERO/images/

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